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(Această pagină se poate vedea mai bine în format Monobook.) Spanish-cheat-sheet

ser = to be (essential/permanent quality) Edit

  • Es difícil. = It's difficult.
  • Es muy alto. = He's very tall.
  • Soy casado/soltero/divorciado = I'm married/single/divorced
  • ¡Que seas feliz! = I wish you every happiness!
  • Quiere ser médico = He wants to be a doctor.
  • -¿Quién es? -- Soy yo. = "Who is it?" --"it's me".
  • Si fuera rico... = If I were rich...
  • Si fueras mi enemigo... = If you were my enemy...
  • ¿Qué fecha es hoy? = What's the date (today)?
  • ¿Cuál es la capital de Francia? = What is the capital of France?
  • ¿Por qué somos tan tontos? = Why are we so silly?
  • El azúcar es dulce. = Sugar is sweet.
  • Mi padre es calvo. = My father is bald.
  • Mis hermanas son altas. = My sisters are tall.


estar = to be (health, location, state) Edit

  • ¿Cómo estás? -- Estoy muy bien. = How are you? -- I am very well.
  • ¿Dónde estabas? = Where were you?
  • Madrid está en el centro de España. = Madrid is in the centre of Spain.
  • Está mucho mejor. = He's much better.
  • Estoy muy cansada. = I'm very tired.
  • ¿Qué tal estás? / ¿Cómo estás? = How are you?
  • ¿Dónde está el cine? = Where is the cinema?
  • La radio está rota. = The radio is broken.
  • Está sobre or en la mesa. = It's on the table.
  • Estás estudiando mucho. = "You're doing a lot of studying"
  • Estuve en la playa ayer. = I was at the beach yesterday.
  • Carmen está bailando. = Carmen is dancing.
  • Estábamos escuchando la radio. = We were listening to the radio.
  • El restaurante está abierto . = The restaurant is open.
  • La ventana está cerrada. = The window is closed.
  • La sopa está un poco fría. = The soup is a bit cold.
  • María está muy guapa hoy. = María is looking very pretty today.
  • Hoy estoy de mal humor. = I am in a bad mood today.

Comparing ser and estar Edit

  • Es un borracho. = He is a drunkard.
  • Está borracho. = He is drunk (at the moment).

  • El chico es pálido. = The boy is pale (he has a naturally pale complexion).
  • El chico está pálido. = The boy is pale (he is pale at the moment because he is ill).

  • El hielo es frio. = The ice is cold (ice is inherently cold).
  • Este café está frio. = This coffee is cold (it has gone cold).

  • ser listo = clever
  • estar listo = ready

  • ser malo = bad
  • estar malo = ill

  • ser rico = rich
  • estar rico = tasty (for food)

  • ser vivo = lively
  • estar vivo = alive

  • ser bueno = good
  • estar bueno = well (in good health)

  • ser cansado = tiring (person)
  • estar cansado = tired

  • ser grave = serious (personailty)
  • estar grave = seriously ill

  • ser verde = green
  • estar verde = unripe

  • ser moreno = dark-haired
  • estar moreno = suntanned

  • ser pesado = heavy (thing)
  • estar pesado = boring (person)

  • ser seguro = safe
  • estar seguro = sure, certain (person)

tener = to have Edit

  • ¿Tienes dinero? = Do you have any money? / Have you got any money?
  • ¿Cuántos años tienes? = How old are you?
  • Tiene siete años. = He's seven (years old).
  • Tengo trabajo que hacer. = I have / I've got work to do.


hacer = to do, to make Edit

  • ¿Qué haces ahí? = What are you doing there?
  • No sé qué hacer. = I don't know what to do.
  • hacer ruido = to make a noise
  • querer hacer algo = to want to do something

poder = to be able, can Edit

  • Yo puedo ayudarte. = I can help you.
  • No ha podido venir. = He couldn't come / He was unable to come.
  • Este agua no se puede beber. = This water isn't fit to drink.

decir = to say, to tell Edit

  • ¿Cómo ha dicho usted? = Pardon?, what did you say?
  • ¿Quién te lo dijo? = Who told you?
  • Mi amigo dice que eres muy guapa. = My friend says (that) you're very pretty.
  • No puedo leer lo que dice. = I can't read what it says.

ir = to go Edit

  • Íbamos hacia Sevilla. = We were going towards Seville.
  • ¿Cómo va el paciente? = How's the patient doing?
  • El enfermo va mejor = The patient is improving. / The patient is doing better.
  • El enfermo va peor = The patient has got worse.
  • ¿A qué colegio vas? = What school do you go to?
  • ¿Has ido alguna vez a Quito? = Have you ever been to Quito?
  • Tuvimos que ir andando. = We had to walk / We had to go on foot.
  • Iba con su madre. = He was with his mother.

ver = to see Edit

  • Te vi en el parque = I saw you in the park.
  • Lo vi ayer = I saw him yesterday.
  • Lo vi venir = I saw him coming.
  • Los vi paseando por el parque = I saw them walking in the park.
  • No veo nada en contra de eso. = I see nothing against it.
  • Estás estudiando mucho. -- Ia ver, no queda más remedio! = "You're doing a lot of studying" -- "Well, I haven't got much choice!"
  • Te ves cansado. = You look tired.


dar = to give Edit

  • dar un grito = to let out a cry, give a cry
  • Dar es mejor que recibir. = Giving is better than receiving.
  • Le dio un bocadillo a su hijo. = He gave his son a sandwich.
  • Este negocio da molto dinero. = There's a lot of money in this business.
  • El vino me da sueño. = Wine makes me sleepy.
  • Dale a la tecla roja. = Hit / Press the red key.
  • Le regaló un diccionario por su cumpleaños. = He gave him a dictionary for his birthday.
  • Dio la vida por su país. = He gave his life for his country.

saber = to know (information) Edit

  • No sabía que era tu cumpleaños. = i didn't know it was your birthday.
  • ¿Quién sabe? = Who knows?
  • ¿Sabes ruso? = Do you speak Russian?

querer = to want. to love Edit

  • ¡Te quiero! = I love you!
  • Quiero mucho a mis abuelos. = I love my grandparents very much.
  • ¿Cuál quieres? = Which one do you want?
  • ¿Quieres un café? = Would you like some coffe?
  • querer hacer algo = to want to do something
  • ¿Quiere un vaso de agua? = Would you like a glass of water?
  • cuano quieras = whenever you like
  • como quieras = as you like


llegar = to arrive, to come, to reach Edit

passar = to pass (on), to spend time, to happen Edit

deber = to owe, must, should, ought to Edit

poner = to put, to place, to set Edit

Learn Spanish Aprende Inglés: 100 verbs - 100 verbos Edit

  • to accept = aceptar

We accept the offer. = Aceptamos la oferta.

  • to allow = permitir/ dejar

Allow me to open the door. = Permítame abrir la puerta.

  • to ask = preguntar/ pedir

What did he ask you? = ¿Qué te preguntó?

  • to believe = creer

What do you believe? = ¿En qué cree?

  • to borrow = pedir prestado

Can I borrow this book? = ¿Puedo pedir prestado este libro?

  • to break = romper

Did you break the glass? = ¿Tú rompiste el vaso?

  • to bring = traer

Please, bring two pizzas. = Por favor, traiga dos pizzas.

  • to buy = comprar

She will buy the food. = Ella comprará la comida.

  • can/ to be able = poder

I can do it. = Yo puedo hacerlo.

  • to call = llamar

My friend called me on the phone. = Mi amiga me llamó por teléfono.

  • to cancel = cancelar

Cancel the download. = Cancela la descarga.

  • to change = cambiar

Let's change directions. = Cambiemos de dirección.

  • to clean = limpiar

Let's clean the house. = Limpiemos la casa.

  • to comb = peinar

He likes to comb his hair. = A él le gusta peinarse el cabello.


Resurse Edit

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